National Epilepsy Day will be celebrated on 17th November 2019, Sunday across the country. Free epilepsy detection and treatment camps were organized in many parts of the country with the support of Epilepsy Foundation India and National Health Mission. Various academic workshops and training were also conducted by the foundation where hands-on training on diagnosis and management of epilepsy were given by various doctors and surgeons.
One month prior to the National Epilepsy Day, ‘World Congress on Epilepsy and Neuronal Synchronization’ was held from October 15-16, 2018 in London which presented the latest scientific improvements in the treatment of epilepsy. The theme for this year meeting was ‘Inculcate the latent knowledge in Epilepsy and Neuronal Synchrony’. It aimed at the discussion of new findings and recent developments in the field of Epilepsy.
What is Epilepsy?
Epilepsy is a global health problem. It is a varied set of persistent neurological disarray portrayed by the seizure. The disease is universal and needs utmost care if someone suffers from it. Reports say that approximately 50 million people across the world suffer from Epilepsy. Around 80% of the entire epilepsy counts occur in developing nations.
The seizures of Epilepsy are the result of unusual and extreme activity in the brain. It also results from the hypersynchronous neuronal brain activity. However, the cause of Epilepsy cannot be determined in most of the cases; aspects that can be identified are the strokes, brain trauma, strokes, brain cancer, and/or excessive consumption or misuse of alcohol or drug by the person.
The study also says that the disease and its symptoms become more frequent when the age of individual progress. In some cases, Epileptic seizures may arise as a result of brain surgery in recovering patients. The inception of new Epileptic seizures occurs more in toddlers and elder people.
It is considered that the epileptic seizure cannot be cured but can only be controlled. Even though, nearly 30% of the reported people with epilepsy have failed seizure control despite undergoing the best treatments and consuming the best available medications. Surgery is only suggested in some of the most difficult cases. Epilepsy is often misunderstood as a single disorder; in fact, it is syndromic with greatly conflicting symptoms. All such symptoms involve periodic unusual electrical movement in the brain along with many seizures. It is also evident, not all epilepsy syndromes last lifelong; some types are restricted to specific stages of childhood itself.
Main causes of epilepsy are:
- Irregular levels of substances such as blood sugar or sodium
- Stroke or any other form of damage to the brain
- Infections such as encephalitis or meningitis
- Genetic conditions such as tuberous sclerosis that result in brain injury
- Brain tumors
- Head injuries occurred during birth or due to accidents during adulthood or youth
- Low oxygen during birth
Though these are some of the common causes that may result in Epilepsy, however in almost 70% of all the reports of epilepsy in children, adults or elderly, no specific cause can ever get discovered.
WHY IS NATIONAL EPILEPSY DAY CELEBRATED?
The main purpose of celebrating National Epilepsy Day is to make people aware of Epilepsy. Different research centers and organizations are involved in finding and research for curing Epilepsy. The team at Epilepsy Foundation also makes regular attempt to make sure that the epilepsy patients participate in every walk of life. The people at the foundation work to change the perception of people about Epilepsy patients. The organization also endeavors that the society and community accept and value epilepsy patients with respect.
How to detect Epilepsy?
In order to diagnose epilepsy, it is important that epileptic seizures occur impulsively and suddenly. However, the syndromes of reflex epilepsy need specific triggers for arrests and seizures to happen. For instance, children suffering from epilepsy such as ‘childhood absence’ may be vulnerable to hyperventilation. People suffering from primary reading epilepsy may have arrests activated by reading. People who have photosensitive epilepsy may be limited to arrests and attacks activated by flashing lights.