Why Handwashing is Important? | Global Handwashing Day 2019

It’s 15 Oct 2019, a normal day for many but not so normal more about 1.8 million children under the age of 5 die each year from diarrheal diseases and pneumonia, the top two killers of young children around the world who could have been saved if they had access to Handwashing!

Yes! You heard it right! Handwashing is that important. It can save the lives of Millions! It’s the Global Handwashing Day Today!

How germs get onto hands and make people sick?

Feces (poop) from people or animals is an important source of germs like Salmonella, E. coli O157, and norovirus that cause diarrhea, and it can spread some respiratory infections like adenovirus and hand-foot-mouth disease. These kinds of germs can get onto hands after people use the toilet or change a diaper, but also in less obvious ways, like after handling raw meats that have invisible amounts of animal poop on them. A single gram of human feces—which is about the weight of a paper clip—can contain one trillion germs 1. Germs can also get onto hands if people touch any object that has germs on it because someone coughed or sneezed on it or was touched by some other contaminated object. When these germs get onto hands and are not washed off, they can be passed from person to person and make people sick. Washing hands prevents illnesses and spread of infections to others

Handwashing with soap removes germs from hands. This helps prevent infections because:

  • People frequently touch their eyes, nose, and mouth without even realizing it. Germs can get into the body through the eyes, nose, and mouth and make us sick.
  • Germs from unwashed hands can get into foods and drinks while people prepare or consume them. Germs can multiply in some types of foods or drinks, under certain conditions, and make people sick.
  • Germs from unwashed hands can be transferred to other objects, like handrails, tabletops, or toys, and then transferred to another person’s hands.
  • Removing germs through handwashing, therefore, helps prevent diarrhea and respiratory infections and may even help prevent skin and eye infections.

Watch the Video of Top 4 Reasons to wash your Hands:

Teaching people about handwashing helps them and their communities stay healthy. Handwashing education in the community:

  • Reduces the number of people who get sick with diarrhea by 23-40% 2
  • Reduces diarrheal illness in people with weakened immune systems by 58% 
  • Reduces respiratory illnesses, like colds, in the general population by 16-21% 
  • Reduces absenteeism due to gastrointestinal illness in schoolchildren by 29-57% 

Not washing hands harms children around the world

About 1.8 million children under the age of 5 die each year from diarrheal diseases and pneumonia, the top two killers of young children around the
world.

  • Handwashing with soap could protect about 1 out of every 3 young children who get sick with diarrhea and almost 1 out of 5 young children with respiratory infections like pneumonia.
  • Although people around the world clean their hands with water, very few use soap to wash their hands. Washing hands with soap remove germs much more effectively.
  • Handwashing education and access to soap in schools can help improve attendance.
  • Good handwashing early in life may help improve child development in some settings.
  • Estimated global rates of handwashing after using the toilet are only 19%.

Handwashing helps battle the rise in antibiotic resistance

Preventing sickness reduces the number of antibiotics people use and the likelihood that antibiotic resistance will develop. Handwashing can prevent about 30% of diarrhea-related sicknesses and about 20% of respiratory infections (e.g., colds).

Antibiotics often are prescribed unnecessarily for these health issues. Reducing the number of these infections by washing hands frequently helps prevent the overuse of antibiotics—the single most important factor leading to antibiotic resistance around the world. Handwashing can also prevent people from getting sick with germs that are already resistant to antibiotics and that can be difficult to treat.

Must know info on World Mental Health Day!

World Mental Health Day is observed on 10th October every year, with the objective of raising awareness of mental health issues around the world and mobilizing efforts in support of mental health. World Federation for Mental Health founded the awareness day in 1992 to make mental health care a reality for people worldwide.

Half of all mental illness begins by the age of 14, but most cases go undetected and untreated. In terms of the burden of the disease among adolescents, depression is the third leading cause. Suicide is the second leading cause of death among 15-29-year-olds.

Harmful use of alcohol and illicit drugs among adolescents is a major issue in many countries and can lead to risky behaviors such as unsafe sex or dangerous driving. Eating disorders are also of concern. If untreated, these conditions influence children’s development, their educational attainment, and their potential to live fulfilling and productive lives.

As about 356 million people in India are between the ages of 10 to 24 years; India, is a young country, with about 30% of its population being youth. Prevention and management of mental distress among adolescents and young adults should begin from an early age by increasing awareness and understanding the early warning signs and symptoms of mental illness.

National Mental Health Programme: Government of India has been implementing National Mental Health Programme (NMHP) since 1982 to ensure the availability and accessibility of minimum mental healthcare for all with its key implementation unit- District Mental Health Programme. The aim is to integrate mental health care in to primary health care and to proceed towards community health care.  

The National Mental Health Policy announced in October, 2014 and Mental Healthcare Act 2017 also act to strengthen mental health services in India.

Adolescent reproductive and sexual health programme (ARSH) under National Health mission (NHM) provides various health services related to young adults.

The Government of India has several national and international programs and has various schemes and initiatives at the national level (National Social Service Scheme, Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan, National Youth Policy 2014) that outline pathways for positive youth development. 

If you feel anyone in need of Mental Support, feel free to contact:

  • 112 is the National emergency number for India.
  • Samaritans Mumbai: (samaritansmumbai.com) – +91 8422984528, +91 8422984529, +91 8422984530 – 3 pm to 9 pm, all days. samaritans.helpline@gmail.com. Helpline providing emotional support for those who are stressed, distressed, depressed, or suicidal.
  • AASRA (http://www.aasra.info/): 91-22-27546669 is a 24-hours a day, 7 days a week nationwide voluntary, professional and confidential services.
  • Sneha India (http://www.snehaindia.org) is available 24/7 on the phone by calling 91 44 24640050.

References-

www.who.int/mental_health/world-mental-health-day/2018/en/

dghs.gov.in/content/1350_3_NationalMentalHealthProgramme.aspx

www.prsindia.org/uploads/media/Mental%20Health/Mental%20Healthcare%20Act,%202017.pdf

pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=137749

pib.nic.in/newsite/PrintRelease.aspx?relid=102397

www.ijcmph.com/index.php/ijcmph/article/view/1936/1460

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_suicide_crisis_lines

10 Habits which can destroy your Health

Habits play an important role in our lives. From the time we wake up, till we hit the pillow at night most of the things that we do during the day are wrapped up in some form of habits. Of these habits some are towards keeping our self healthy and there are some habits which might be unnoticeable but yet very harmful for us.

1:- Having fruits along with meals:- We do get a good dose of carbohydrates in our regular meals and by adding extra carbohydrates, it will exceed the limit and lead to over intake of carbohydrates.

2:-Not having our meals on time:-We should always have our meals on time. Once you do that it helps us set up our body clock according to that specific meal time so that digestion and nutrient absorption happens at the same time every day and it won’t get distracted.

3:-Skipping breakfast or any other meals:-Skipping our meals and above all skipping breakfast is not a good idea. It may lead to muscle loss/fatigue/irritation as there might not be any energy and glucose for us to go on during a hectic day.

4:-Having a heavy dinner:-The calories and carbs which we have during dinner will not be utilized during the night time as we tend to sleep and unfortunately that is turned into fats and stored in our body.

5-Less water intake:-Less water intake may lead to dehydration and that can directly hit our immunity, which in turn can be the cause for many diseases. At least 2 to 3 liters of water in a day is must!

6:-Keeping a long gap between your meals:-We should never keep long gaps between our meals. Long gaps will lead to over eating our next meal and it will also slow down our BMR so that we eat more and that is the cause for weight gain.

7:-Chewing your food fast:-We should always take at least 20 minutes to complete a meal, as chewing fast will not help in absorption and breakdown the nutrients of the food that we consume.

8:-Having processed foods:- Having processed foods which contain sugar, white flour, corn flour, may risk us with water retention in our body and will also increase our salt intake because of the preservatives.

9:-Confusing thirst with hunger:-Sometimes when we feel thirsty we may confuse it with hunger and start eating an untimely meal, so it’s best to first feel, recognize and keep yourself hydrated so that we don’t feel hungry because of less water intake.

10:-Overeating:- Overeating can easily go unnoticed and this can cause problems like weight gain and obesity. This is often regarded as an eating disorder. If you are a binge eater, it’s time to make some changes. Controlling our portion is the best way to eat mindfully.

So sit back and think for a minute, are we performing any of these habits in our day to day life? If yes! Then don’t do it and bring on the positivity in your life!

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What is the Difference between Osteoarthritis & Rheumatoid Arthritis?

There are several different types of Arthritis. Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis are two of the most common forms. Although the symptoms of these two types of arthritis can be similar, it’s very important to distinguish between them in order to determine the proper treatment. 

To know the various Risk Factors of Arthritis, Click Here!

Osteoarthritis occurs when the smooth cartilage joint surface wears out. Osteoarthritis usually begins in an isolated joint. 

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune disease, which means that the immune system malfunctions and attacks the body instead of intruders. In this case, it attacks the synovial membrane that encases and protects the joints. Rheumatoid arthritis often targets several joints at one time. The symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis include: 

  • The symmetrical nature of the disease (arthritis in both hips, for example),
  • Fever
  • Anemia
  • Fatigue
  • Loss of appetite

Watch the Video by https://febbrisia.com on the Basic Difference of Osteoarthritis & Rheumatoid Arthritis:

Osteoarthritis (Degenerative Arthritis)

Osteoarthritis is a non-inflammatory disease that causes cartilage — the spongy substance that cushions the space between bones — to deteriorate. 

Osteoarthritis is sometimes referred to as degenerative arthritis or degenerative joint disease. It is the most common type of arthritis because it’s often caused by the wear and tear on a joint over a lifetime. It is most often found in the hands, knees, hips and spine. In the hand, osteoarthritis most often affects the small joints of the fingers and the joint at the base of the thumb.

Factors that contribute to osteoarthritis include: heredity, obesity, joint overuse and injury. Patients who already have rheumatoid arthritis  are more likely to develop osteoarthritis. Learn more about the difference between rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis.

Symptoms of Osteoarthritis

Some of the symptoms of osteoarthritis overlap with rheumatoid arthritis, so it is important to schedule a consultation with a rheumatologist who can diagnose your condition correctly.  Common symptoms of osteoarthritis include: 

  • Pain: For some people, the pain may come and go. Constant pain or pain while sleeping may be a sign that the arthritis is getting worse. 
  • Stiffness after a period of not moving, such as in the morning or after sitting for a long time 
  • Muscle weakness around the arthritic joint, especially for arthritis in the knee
  • Swelling: When osteoarthritis causes swelling in joints, they will feel tender and sore.
  • Deformed joints: As osteoarthritis progresses, joints may begin to look crooked or misshapen.
  • Reduced range of motion 
  • Cracking and creaking

Treatment for Osteoarthritis

Considerations for treating osteoarthritis are identified on an case-by-case basis. Every case is unique, but the main categories for treatment are medication, lifestyle changes, physical therapy and surgery. 

  • Medication: Medications include topical creams, acetaminophen, NSAIDs (e.g. Advil or Motrin), glucosamine, analgesics or opioids and cortisone injections. These will be administered by your doctor, depending on a number of factors, including your current medications and pain level.  
  • Lifestyle Changes: Lifestyle changes such as losing weight and exercising can help you live with osteoarthritis more successfully. Your doctor will give you advice about what to change in your daily activities. 
  • Physical Therapy: Physical therapy focuses on strengthening the muscles around an affected joint. It also involves learning how to cope with the disease, finding ways to avoid putting further stress arthritic joints through the use of walking aides or techniques such as splinting. Pain management and stress management classes can also help patients who suffer from arthritis.
  • Surgery: The main goal of surgery is to relieve pain and, when possible, prevent progressive weakness and deformity. We perform three types of surgery for joints affected by arthritis:
    • Fusion (arthrodesis): An operation to make the bones on each side of a joint grow together. Fusion can be very helpful for joints that are stiff and painful, awkwardly crooked, or unstable.
    • Arthroplasty or joint reconstruction: Artificial joints have been developed for the thumb basal joint and the small joints of the fingers as well. Implants are a reasonable alternative to fusion, and in some cases can be used to restore motion to a joint which has been fused.
    • Osteotomy: Osteomy involves cutting bones in order to realign them in a way conducive to pain-free movement. For patients with osteoarthritis, a realignment can reduce wear and tear on cartilage that has been damaged.

Rheumatoid Arthritis

Rheumatoid arthritis is an inflammatory and autoimmune disease that causes the immune system to attack the thin membrane that lines the joints. 

Rheumatoid arthritis is progressive and disabling, and can affect the appearance and the function of the hands and other parts of the body through injury to joints and soft tissue structures. It often deforms finger joints and forces the fingers into a bent position, hampering movement. Rheumatoid arthritis affects 1 in every 100 Americans, and it is three times more common in women than in men.

While many patients experience flares followed by periods of remission, sometimes the disease gets steadily more serious.  Deformity, swelling, erosion of the bone and pain are common symptoms. Patients may also form lumps of tissue, called nodules, on bony protrusions, like the elbow. Occasionally, the disease affects other organs of the body, such as the heart, eyes and lungs. Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic disease, which means there is no cure; however, early and aggressive treatment can put rheumatoid arthritis into remission. 

Symptoms of Rheumatoid Arthritis

If you experience any of the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis, it is important to see a rheumatologist to seek an accurate diagnosis and treatment that will slow the progression of the disease. Typical symptoms include:

  • Swelling in and around joints, particularly the hands and feet
  • Pain and stiffness in joints, particularly the hands and feet
  • Warmth in joints
  • Symmetry of the symptoms described above – Rheumatoid arthritis is a symmetrical disease, meaning you will feel symptoms on the same spot on both sides of the body
  • Decreased range of motion
  • Lack of appetite
  • Fatigue
  • Anemia
  • A low-grade fever

Treatment for Rheumatoid Arthritis

Medication

Medications used to treat rheumatoid arthritis include:

  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as Advil, Motrin, Aleve, etc.
  • Corticosteroids such as prednisone
  • Disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs), usually methotrexate
  • Biologic agents: a new treatment that can block specific aspects of the immune response

Lifestyle Changes

Lifestyle changes will involve the introduction of a gentle exercise program and education on coping with the limitations caused by this disease. The University of Michigan’s team of rheumatologists and therapists will teach you important rheumatoid arthritis life skills such as using aids for your daily activities, splinting and how to avoid damaging your swollen joints.

Surgery

If your pain continues, or if non-surgical treatment doesn’t help, we may suggest surgery to you. Our goals will be to reduce your pain, improve your function, repair damage and improve the appearance of your joints.

Surgical treatment may include removing the swollen tissue from the joints or around the tendons, which may reduce pain and prevent more tendon damage. If the tendon has already been damaged, surgery may be done to repair the damage. Rheumatoid nodules may be surgically removed to improve appearance and comfort. In some cases, the knuckles of the hand may be treated by arthroplasty, a procedure where artificial knuckles (made of silicone rubber or other material) are inserted. This may improve the use of the hand and lessen pain. Surgical procedures performed on the rheumatoid hand and wrist are often complex and may require physical and/or occupational therapy.

Surgical procedures for rheumatoid arthritis often require postoperative therapy. The recovery period varies, depending on the procedure. To reduce the risk of complications, it is essential to continue maximum medical management before and after surgery.

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What are the Risk Factors of Arthritis?

You might have seen many of your family member complain about pain & stiffness in their joints. Many say its Arthritis. But what is Arthritis & how it happens?

Arthritis is the swelling and tenderness of one or more of your joints. The main symptoms of arthritis are joint pain and stiffness, which typically worsen with age. The most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.

The most common signs and symptoms of arthritis involve the joints. Depending on the type of arthritis you have, your signs and symptoms may include:

  • Pain
  • Stiffness
  • Swelling
  • Redness
  • Decreased range of motion

Risk factors for arthritis include:

  • Family history. Some types of arthritis run in families, so you may be more likely to develop arthritis if your parents or siblings have the disorder. Your genes can make you more susceptible to environmental factors that may trigger arthritis.
  • Age. The risk of many types of arthritis — including osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and gout — increases with age.
  • Your sex. Women are more likely than men to develop rheumatoid arthritis, while most of the people who have gout, another type of arthritis, are men.
  • Previous joint injury. People who have injured a joint, perhaps while playing a sport, are more likely to eventually develop arthritis in that joint.
  • Obesity. Carrying excess pounds puts stress on joints, particularly your knees, hips and spine. People with obesity have a higher risk of developing arthritis.

Watch the Video by Febbrisia on the Risk Factors of Arthritis:

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Must Know Symptoms of Asthma

More than 1 Million people are affected by Asthma in India making it one of the diseases affecting a huge population! The rise in number of people being detected by Asthma has risen & its necessary for all of us to know the Symptoms of Asthma!

Let’s understand the various Symptoms of Asthma which will help you to take a faster action to rush to your Doctor!

The most common symptoms of asthma are:

  • Coughing, especially at night, during exercise or when laughing
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Chest tightness
  • Shortness of breath
  • Wheezing (a whistling or squeaky sound in your chest when breathing, especially when exhaling)

Watch the Video of “Symptoms of Asthma” in Brief:

Symptoms of Asthma in Children

Most children with asthma have symptoms before they turn 5. In very young children, it may be hard for parents, and even doctors, to recognize that the symptoms are due to asthma. The bronchial tubes in infants, toddlers and preschoolers are already small and narrow, and head colds, chest colds and other illnesses can inflame these airways, making them even smaller and more irritated.

The symptoms of pediatric asthma can range from a nagging cough that lingers for days or weeks to sudden and scary breathing emergencies.

Common symptoms to watch for include:

  • Coughing, especially at night
  • A wheezing or whistling sound when breathing, especially when exhaling
  • Trouble breathing or fast breathing that causes the skin around the ribs or neck to pull in tightly
  • Frequent colds that settle in the chest

Your child might have only one of these symptoms or several of them. You may think it’s just a cold or bronchitis. If the symptoms recur, that’s a clue that your child might have asthma. In addition, symptoms may worsen when your child is around asthma triggers, such as irritants in the air (smoke or strong odors, for example) or allergens like pollen, pet dander and dust mites.

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Info on Asthma that everyone must know!

10 Million cases of Asthma are reported from India. Yes! you read it right! The figure is huge & every increasing with the rise of pollution in the environment!

Asthma is a chronic (long-term) lung disease that inflames and narrows the airways (tubes that carry air into and out of lungs). It causes recurring periods of wheezing, chest tightness, shortness of breath and coughing. The inflammation makes the airways swollen and very sensitive.

The airways tend to react strongly to certain inhaled substances and when the airways react, the muscles around them tighten. This narrows the airways, causing less air to flow into the lungs.

In this ever increasing risk of Asthma, it is very necessary to keep yourself educated about Asthma & the symptoms of it. It is very helpful when we ourselves can understand the symptoms & rush to the Doctor as soon as we detect it!

Before we begin, lets us inform you that Asthma can’t be cured, but its symptoms can be controlled. Because asthma often changes over time, it’s important that you work with your doctor to track your signs and symptoms and adjust treatment as needed.

Symptom 1 : Shortness of breath

Feeling short of breath after a little workout or just after climbing stairs? This is one the early symptoms of Asthma which should be cured at early stages! Breathlessness can also mean trouble breathing out, as well as in, and having to concentrate to regulate your breathing. You may even struggle to talk, eat or sleep.

Symptom 2 : Cough

You may notice your cough keeps coming back and/or is accompanied by a wheezing sound. Coughing is often worse at night or early in the morning.

Symptom 3 : Wheeze

Wheezing is a high-pitched whistling noise coming from your airways, mostly when you breathe out.

Some people feel their asthma concerns have been dismissed, because their wheeze comes and goes or, it’s hard to hear. But, you may still have asthma, even if you haven’t noticed this whistling sound. So, don’t put off seeing your doctor.  

Symptom 4 : Chest tightness

It may feel like a dull ache, or a sharp stabbing in the chest. It can make it difficult to take a deep intake of breath.

Watch this Video to understand the Symptoms of Asthma in Brief:

Symptoms of Asthma

What causes Asthma which claims at least 1000 lives Daily?

  1. Inherited from parents.
  2. An inherited tendency to develop allergies called atopy.
  3. Certain respiratory infections during childhood.
  4. Contact with some airborne allergens or exposure to some viral infections in infancy or in early childhood when the immune system is developing.
  5. Allergens from dust, animal fur, cockroaches, mold, and pollen from trees , grasses and flowers.
  6. Irritants such as cigarette smoke, air pollution, chemicals or dust in the workplace, compounds in home decor products and sprays (such as hairspray) .
  7. Medicines such as aspirin or other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and non-selective beta-blockers .
  8. Sulfites in foods and drinks .
  9. Viral upper respiratory infections such as colds.
  10. Conditions like a runny nose, sinus infections, reflux disease, psychological stress and sleep apnea. 

Causes of Asthma

Febbrisia intents to keep you Health Savvy & has brought personalized guidance system for your Health on it’s system. Do register on https://febbrisia.com & be Health Savvy!

You must be thinking what are the treatments of Asthma and it’s symptoms? You may have many questions regarding it! Febbrisia has done a lot of research & brought all info that you must know about Asthma such as:

  1. Children with cat and dust mite allergies at an increased risk for childhood asthma
  2. History of asthma lowers the risk of prostate cancer-says a case study
  3. Does increasing dose of steroid during asthma help children? 
  4. Pills used to treat heartburn when used in pregnancy can increase the risk of asthma in offspring
  5. Dry mouth can indicate the severity of Asthma
  6. Don’t confuse EIB (Exercise-induced-bronchospasm) with Asthma
  7. The role of early life respiratory infections in asthma 
  8. History of asthma can increase risk factor for heart failure
  9. Obesity linked to higher risk of asthma in women-reports CDC 
  10. Vitamin D doesnt guard against colds in people with asthma
  11. Just 30 minutes of daily exercise may help control Asthma
  12. Frequent use of inhaled corticosteroids (asthma medications) during infancy may curb growth in later life.
  13. Stress –fighting proteins- Key to new treatments for asthma
  14. New genes associated with asthma and allergies discovered

Simply register on https://febbrisia.com & know about Asthma & other diseases like never before! It is better to be Health Savvy!